Raglan Schools

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The earliest schools in Raglan were opened sometime around 1800. These included James Jeffrey's private school, The Goff Trust free schoolin Usk Road for paupers and the working class, Elsie Fanny's Dames School Mistress in Castle Street. Little is known about this school but it probably functioned as a small day-care facility or elementary school (Pigot's Directory, 1835). And the Old National School, Chepstow Rd

Schools based on Dr. Bell’s system, were established around the UK (between 1797 - 1819) for the education of the children of the parish, and supported by the voluntary contributions of the inhabitants. In Raglan, our National School, based on Dr. Bell's system was established in 1818. The Hereford Journal reports that, "the funds being small, and at present inadequate to the claims upon them, at the suggestion of several ladies a Ball was given for the benefit of this excellent Charity; and it is with pleasure we state, that although the notice was very short, nearly sixty persons of the greatest respectability in the parish and neighbourhood assembled on the occasion, and the mirthful dance was kept up with the utmost glee, till the hours of night gave place to those of the morning. - when harmless amusement is thus made subservient to the purposes of benevolence and charity, it reflects the highest credit on the party who advocated the cause for such a purpose (Hereford Journal. 02/12/1818)

According to Bradney, the earliest school in Raglan was opened "some time before and after the year 1800. James Jeffreys kept a private school in a house adjoining the pound. (note: The 1841 Tithe Book lists the Parish Pound as lot 548 owned and by the duke of Beaufort. (The nearest building is lot 536, a house and garden owned by the Duke of Beaufort occupied by John Petherick) The pound has recently been demolished and the ground added to the garden of a neighbouring cottage.)

In 1817, a Free School for the poor children in Raglan was opened by the Goff Trust (probably at Dean House on Chepstow Road. In 1821 the Trust built a school and Baptist Chapel on Usk Road across from the Crown Inn. The first teacher/pastor there was Christopher Passmore. Children were taught reading, writing and ‘the first four rules of arithmetic’. A Sunday school was attached to the school at which attendance was voluntary. Passmore stayed in the village for but a short time and was succeeded by Thomas Harris. He was much loved and after his passing in 1843, his brother Edward Harris took over responsibility for the school. After the National School was opened on Chepstow Road in the 1850's, the Goff School changed its status to a Baptist Sunday School. 1817 - Charles Passmore was the First Schoolmaster at Goff's free school on Usk Road in Raglan (Goff's free school papers and Baptist Church records)

1818 - 1833: Thomas Harris followed Charles Passmore as Schoolmaster (Goff's free school papers and Baptist Church records)

1819 George Nicholas is listed as a Schoolmaster in Raglan Baptism records (George and Elizabeth Nicholas baptized two twin daughters: Ann and Margaret Nicholas on 6.6.1819)

1832 - 1842 Rev. John Harris, Schoolmaster (Goff's free school papers and Pigots Directory,1835,

1842 Pigot's Directory)

1870 Rev B. Johnson, Head of Goff's free school, owned by trustees. (1870 Raglan Rates book) —————————————

Our first National School is described by Charles Heath who states, "A commodious house, in the centre of the village, has been fitted up for that purpose, at the expense of the Duke of Beaufort;-- and any donation, from the well-wishers to its interests, will be received by Mrs. Chambers, -- or Mr. Hallen, at the Bar of the Beaufort Inn". (C. Heath, 1819)

After the death of James Jeffreys, George NICHOLAS is listed as a Schoolmaster in 1819. (Raglan Baptisms 172501900). George and Elizabeth NICHOLAS, schoolmaster had twin daughters: Ann and Margaret on 6.6.1819. In 1820, the school was carried on by his nephew, Benjamin Jeffreys. Benjamin was supported by Miss Pigott, a governess at the Raglan National School. Sadly, Miss Pigott died on March 15th in her 37th year. (Raglan death records, d. 1825) (Bristol Mercury, April 4, 1825)

About 1830 the school was moved to Castle street, in the house occupied by Mr. John Prosser, saddler, and kept by one Lewis, , a relative of Jeffreys. Edward Lewis ([[1]]) filled the office of schoolmaster and parish clerk in Raglan for 27 years. (b. 1797-1801 d. 1859) & Mary Ann Lewis, Wife and School Mistress (b.1806 Redbrook d.1869). The school was located at 'Castell Coch' on Castle Street. They are buried in St Cadoc's Churchyard and included in the Churchyard trail (source: 1835, Pigot's directory, 1841 Raglan census - Edward Lewis, 40, Schoolmaster, Mary Ann Lewis, 35, Schoolmistress, David Pritchard, 7; 1841 Tithe Map: no 539 National School, House & Garden, Castle St. Owner: Duke of Beaufort, occupier, Edward Lewis, 1851 Raglan Census, Raglan burial records)

By 1841, This school was listed as parcel 539 on Castle Street (now known as Castle Coch). The property was owned by the duke of Beaufort and occupied by Edward Lewis, 40, Schoolmaster, Mary Ann Lewis, 35, Schoolmistress, and David Pritchard, 7 (Raglan 1841 Tithe map and records). The school was maintained by subscription under the national system. Edward Lewis being still the master. The number of scholars rose to fifty." (Bradney, History of Monmouthshire, Raglan Hundreds, 1914, p 38).

By 1850 the school on Castle Street was maintained by subscription and under the national system. Edward Lewis being still the master. The number of scholars was fifty. Edward Lewis died on 1859 and his wife, Mary Ann (also a teacher) continued the school on Castle Street until the new School on Chepstow Road was built. (note: Edward died 1859 and Mary Ann died in 1869: see Raglanpedia http://www.raglanpedia.org.uk/wiki/LEWIS,_Edward_)

In 1857 a large school accommodating up to 95 children was built on Chepstow Road next to the Church on land donated by the Duke of Beaufort. A barn and stable belonging to the Brooks farm had previously occupied the site and at one end of the site was the constable’s lock-up. The garden was a pond where in the coaching days the horses were brought to water.

1859-1861: The new RAGLAN NATIONAL SCHOOL (1859 - 1861 John Fisher (b. 1829 Western Super Mare,) National School Teacher, Sarah A Fisher, Wife and School Mistress - (b. 1836, Salford Priory Warwickshire). Margaret Walkinshaw (b. 1838 Abersychan) School Mistress) on Chepstow Road opened in 1861 with John Fisher as the first Headteacher. The school was built by Mr Joseph Watkins, a builder from Monmouth. He died in 1860 before the school was completed. He was 62 years old, a widower and had built many cottages in Raglan as well as the National School. (Welsh Newspaper archives)

1862: RAGLAN NATIONAL SCHOOL. -- The juvenile department in this school was examined last week by the Diocesan Inspector, who congratulated the teachers upon the progress in the school, both in numbers and attainments. he also especially commended the methods whereby good penmanship and correct spelling are successfully taught. There are six teachers regularly employed in this school, one of who has been transferred from Gwernsey to London by her Majesty's Committee of Council on Education. This week the infant department has been opened, where the children will be taught on the "Kinder Garten" system, which has gained such great popularity in school on the Continent. (The Herefors TImes, Saturday, April 5, 1862 (Welsh newspapers)

1862: FETE AT THE NATIONAL SCHOOL, RAGLAN: Yesterday week the school was the scene of more than usual festivity and rejoicing, it being the annual feast of tea and cake, prepared for the scholars by the worthy Vicar, and dispensed so kindly by his niece and her zealous assistants. The school-room was decorated for the occasion by the Vicar's nephew, the pupil teachers, and elder scholars, superintended and aided by the master, and it was soon transformed into something like a temple of Nature and Art. The following are a few of the principal decorations: -- A sketch of the school with the motto, "Tis Education forms the youthful mine-- Just as the twig is bent the tree's inclined." A design to illustrate Faith,Hope, Wisdom, and Love; another to show the necessity of properly using every moment of time; another to recommend industrious habits; another to warn against disobedience to parents; another directing attention to the Omniscient God; another to the "Strait gate," and another to "Praise the Lord;" with other mottoes, crown, floral devices, flags, and arches, the last freely erected by a smith in the village. The children assembled about noon, and spent the afternoon in many a game of pleasure and skill. Next came the tea and cake, both good and plentiful; then followed the prizes for attendance, provided from the capitation fee allowed by her Majesty's Committee of Council on Education. Then the Vicar's niece, as superintendent of the Sunday School, gave, to those who had attended it, little packets of money in exchange for their tickets. But the most enthusiastic part of the proceedings was the reception given to the proposition by the Vicar, of "Three times three for the noble founder, his Grace the Duke of Beaufort.: The Vicar then proposed three cheers for Miss Bosanquet as one of the chief supporters of the school, with the superintendent and teachers of the Sunday School. These propositions have been responded to, three cheers were proposed for the Vicar, and then the children were dismissed to their homes, each of them with a piece of cake, pleasant memoirs, and an invitation to return again after the holidays, and excel the past by doing better than ever. We are also pleased to hear that the master has just received his certificate from the government, which bears the following inscription, made by the Rev. J.W. D. Hernaman, Government Inspector :-- "Mr. Fisher communicates his lessons carefully; he takes great pains to impress them on the minds of the children, and maintains good order in his school.: (1862, Raglan National School.Pdf, Hereford Times, Saturday, Dec. 27, 1862, Welsh Newspapers)

1866 - Edmund Heywood: RAGLAN. PRESENTATION.—Mr Edmund Heywood, the master of The National school at Raglan, before leaving this parish for Lancashire, received a substantial offering testifying the good will and high esteem which he by his abilities and estimable disposition had unconsciously earned for himself among his neighbours and the public of Raglan generally. On the occasion a meeting took place in the schoolroom. The Rev. J. H. Horrox, in the absence of the vicar (occasioned by ill health) presiding, and the present consisted of a valuable timepiece, of chaste and exquisite make, purchased of Mr Latch, jeweller, Newport, which bore this inscription "My motto is - "Never,for ever; Forever, never."

1867 Bridge, David Head of National School, & Charlotte Bridge (Raglan Baptisms, 1813 - 1900, 14 April, 1867, Maud Annie, daur of David and Charlotte Bridge, otp, Master of National School, 1870 rates book)

1867 - RAGLAN. SCHOOL TREAT. —On Wednesday week Mrs. Herbert, of Clytha, entertained 53 children belonging to the Catholic school, at Clytha Castle. Mr. and Mrs. Herbert, Mr. Edward Jones, Rev. — Dela Rue, Rev. Father Fisher and others were present. The children after partaking of tea and plum cake, and an abundance of fruit, amused themselves by dancing and with a variety of games. Before separating a great number of toys were distributed amongst them. (10 August 1867: County Observer and Monmouthshire Central Advertiser)

The succeeding National School masters included John Fisher, Edmund Heywood (appointed, 1865), David Bridge, John Ingraham (1871 census records). John and his wife Esther were both 25 years old and were certified teachers - both from from Warwick. They had two children both born in Northumberland and had recently come to Raglan), Joseph Wheatstone 1872-4, William Holden and Charles James Saunders from 1875 (source, Bradney, 1914)

1870 Ingraham, John Stone (b. 1846, Maxstoke, Warwickshire, England) & wife, Esther National School, Schoolmaster (Certified) (raglan Baptisms, 1 Nov, 1870, Ernest Joseph William, son of John Stone Ingram and Esther his wife, otp, National School Master) Miss Mary McMaster, School Mistress (b. 1848, Abergavenny), Miss Ada Lewis, Schoolmistress (b. 1857, Raglan).

One of the longest serving headteachers at the National School was Charles James Saunders (1875-1914). Mr Saunders was also the choirmaster and Sunday School teacher at St Cadoc’s Church. He is remembered in the memoirs of longtime Raglan resident Ernie Morgan. The National School had three classes and Mr Saunders took the top class. The staff at Raglan School consisted mostly of Saunder's siblings, children and other relatives.

1881: RAGLAN. NATIONAL SCHOOL —The diocesan inspection in religious knowledge was made in this school on the 22nd of November, by the Rev. C. J. Lunt, M A. There were 77 scholars presented for examination. and of that number 66 passed. The following is the report of the inspector:—"The New Testament knowledge in the upper division is a little weak. In all other respects the children throughout passed a highly satisfactory examination, and special praise is due for the accuracy, almost perfect, with which the catechism was written, and for the intelligence generally shown in its explanation. In the upper division the syllabus as far as the Old testament is concerned was not followed. The lives of Samuel, David, and Saul, thoroughly mastered, would be sufficient work for next year I was much pleased with the answering in the lives of the kings. The school is classed 'excellent'. The following is the class list: - Standard I.. Ellen Thomas and Augustus Studley: - Standard II., Harry Mayby, William Bishop, George Farmer, Clara Heath • - Standard III., Joseph Robertson, Maggie Matthews, Elizabeth Taylor, Nellie Annie Williams; - Standard IV, Edgar Morgan, Myra Jane Lewis, William Evans, Desina Jones; - Standard V., nil; - Standard VI, Thomas Powell and Thomas Jones. (3/12/1881, Monmouthshire Merlin ; Welsh Newspapers)

1881 - 1911 Charles Saunders 1881 Certificated Teacher (1881),Schoolmaster (1891),(b.1855, Wooton Under Edge, Glos)(nb. between 1881, - 1911 the Saunders family lived at Castle Vale), (1881 Raglan Census, 1891 Raglan Census, 1901 Kelly's directory, Photo:L083) his brother Stanley Saunders, Monitor (b. 1864, Cheltenham, Glos) his sister, Agnes Saunders, Asst Mistress (b. 1854, Wooton Under Edge, Glos) William Studley, Pupil Teacher (b. 1865 in Abergavenny) 1891 - Eliza Saunders, School Teacher (wife of Charles Saunders) (b. 1854, Raglan) 1891 - 1901 Annie Jones, Schoolmistress (b. 1873, Raglan), L085 1891 - 1901 Jane Jeffreys, Assistant Schoolmistress (b.1858, Raglan) nb. Jane is sister in law of Charles Saunders 1901 - Annie Jeffreys, Assistant School Mistress (b. 1863, Raglan), nb. sister in law of Charles Saunders 1901 - Eric S Saunders, School Teacher (b. 1887, Raglan) nb. son of Charles and Eliza Saunders 1901 - Gertie Williams, School Teacher (b. 1880, Raglan) 1911 - Harry March, School teacher (Mon Educ Committee) (b. 1892, Uttoxeter, Staff) 1911 - Minnie G Williams, School teacher (b. 1880, Raglan) 1922 - Mr Guy Jones, Headteacher (L086) (nb. father of Enid Powell)

1903 RAGLAN. NATIONAL SCHOOL & School yard map In 1903 An Act to afford further facilities for the conveyance and endowment of sites for Schools was passed. As a result the Duke of Beaufort conveyed and endowed Raglan School to the Minister and Churchwardens of St Cadoc's Church, Raglan to be used as the Raglan Parish Boys and Girls. They were charged to permit the said premises and all buildings thereon erected or to be erected to be forever hereafter appropriated and used as and for a school for the education of children and adults or children only of the labouring manufacturing and other poorer class in the parish of Raglan aforesaid which said school shall always be in union with and conducted upon the principles and in furtherance of the ends and designs of the incorporated National Society for proofing the education of the Poor in the principles of the Established Church.

1920 - RAGLAN. NATIONAL SCHOOL (map from 1920 Raglan Estate - Chepstow Road) Old national School, Chepstow Rd, 1920

1923 - 1939 Mr Hensby, Schoolmaster, (Photo L089) 1935 - 1942+ Miss Lewis/Mrs Stan Haggett, Teacher (L092, L100) ca 1940 Mrs Lambert Jones, Teacher (L098) 1937 - Toilets! Diphtheria had appeared in the village. As a result the Public Health Dept demanded that 'In substitution of existing trough closers to provide a sufficient number of water-closets and connect same with suitable 4" G.S.S. drain to cess-pool in fields. The drain was to be provided with a disconnecting tank and fitted with fresh air inlet and vent shaft linked to each closet. The urinal on Boy's side was to have a concrete floor laid with a fall to channel bricks existing and a means of flushing walls of the urinal. (G19)

During World War II the village school tripled in size to accommodate the evacuee children. Village children and city children had to learn to adjust to each other’s way of talking and differences in living. The poem below gives a flavor of those days.


When evacuees came to Raglan from Dover and Folkstone, the school was too small for them and the Raglan kids as well.

So the evacuees used to have school in the mornings the village kids in the afternoons and the next week, they'd swap.

They brought their teachers and they taught us, as well we learned loads of things that you don't, nowadays

How to sew, darn, embroider ~ we even had gardening lessons! Mind, only the boys were allowed to dig and do the tough stuff

They thought that if girls did it our insides would fall out, or something! What we had to do was pick the slugs off the cabbages with our fingers. Ugh!

We had milk each day, and in winter it came half-frozen, pushing off the cardboard cap, and we used to lick the frozen stuff like ice-cream.

The round, black, Tortoise stove glowed behind its guard, and snow-wet gloves and hats and coats steamed and stank on the rail.

Jenny Sullivan

With thanks to Rachel Petrie's Grandma, June Lumley!

Raglan National School outbuildings. At the end of the war, in 1944, The Education Act was passed providing free school meals and milk to all children under the age of 18 years.

After the war the village went on a building spree. New housing estates sprung up on meadows and fields and the school grew. The old school continued in service as the School Managers and Parish Council tried to get the school brought up to modern standards. The village was pleased in 1965 to learn that £25,000 was to be spent in bringing the building up to the standard required. At that time 73 pupils attended the school taught by a Headmaster and three teachers. (W.I. scrapbook, 1965). The Raglan Community Council was established during this decade and they raised funds for the new Schools.

1940 - 1960 Mr Lambert Jones (L100) 1941 Miss Martin (L100) 1953 Mrs Butler, (L104) 1950's Miss Seabrook, Teacher (L106) 1950's Mr Jenkins, Teacher (L107) 1960-1974 Mr Eddie Jones (photo: L108, L109, L114, MH004), Mrs Gaydon, Teacher (photo: L114), Mr Witney, Teacher (photo: L108, L110)

Up until 1950's there was no school meals. Noel Porter remembers that he ate his lunch in the village café (probably Mrs Lumley's on Beaufort Square). With the construction of new infant and junior schools, two kitchens were included (one in the Infants school where Rascals is now and one in the Junior where the music room now is) (William Hill, Catherine Nichols, 2014).

In 1968, the infants left the parish rooms behind the old school and moved into the 'new' infants building with their teacher Mrs Gaydon and Head teacher Mr Eddie Jones. (Toby Chilcott, 2-14)

1968 - 1979 Mr Gwyn Clark. Known as ‘Clarky’, he was a published author (had plays on the radio. He was also very keen on music - had a super recorder group that won loads of trophies. Under his leadership, both the Raglan Infant and Junior Schools were built Mrs Harper/Thomas/ (MH004, L120, MH001) Mr John Deakin, Deputy Head (MH012) He was made redundant at Raglan due to falling rolls at Raglan and taught at Tredegar Wharf Primary Primary School for 5 years. He returned to Raglan in

1977 when the new Raglan Junior School opened

1980 -1988 Mr Malcolm Dally, (L119, L113, L121, MH010, MH016, MH012, MH013, MH011, MH014)

In the spring of 1969, a new VC school for infants was opened adjacent to the Old Schoolhouse. It was hailed as the most modern school in the county. The new school introduced open-plan teaching in classrooms without doors. (footnote 7 Monmouthshire Beacon, Feb 21, 1969 (p3). Raglan Primary school continued to grow as nearby schools in Bryngwyn, Penyclawd and Tregare closed the children from those villages and hamlets attended school in Raglan. In 1971, Margaret Thatcher withdrew free school milk from children over 7 years giving her the name of "Milk Snatcher Thatcher" (this is one of the most frequently memory of children of that era). One memory was shared with Rhys Davies (yr 4, 2014), "I remember school milk. It was brought by the milkman who drove an electric milk truck (called 'robot') to the class. The electric cart had no sides. The milk was delivered in small 1/3 pint bottles. It was given out by the milk monitor. We had to drink it through a straw. It was really creamy. I had to stir it well before I could drink it."

On July 1, 1969, Prince Charles was created Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester and Schools (including Raglan) from around the nation were given the honour of singing in the choir at the ceremony in Monmouthshire. Toby, a student at Raglan recalls the event. "Toby got up in the morning. He put on his best uniform. He went down the stairs. Toby had his breakfast. he packed his bag and cleaned his teeth. The the bus arrived. The bus took him to school. When he had settled in the teacher announced that the school choir was going to County Hall to perform in front of .... Prince Charles. Toby was very worried. He sadly put his things away. He looked at his best friend who was called Ben (Ben was in the choir as well). Ben looked happy. He tried to cheer Toby up. On the way to the Bus ... Toby cheered up. When they arrived at County Hall, Prince Charles was late so everyone waited. Finally Prince Charles arrived and they sang." ((Ieuan Davies, yr. 4, Raglan School, 2014)

In 1977 a new Junior School opened and the old school was closed. The first Head teacher in the Junior School was Mr. G.H. Clark. For nearly 20 years the Infant and Junior Schools each head their own headteacher. They also had separate kitchens and lunchrooms (the Rascals took the place where the Infants kitchen had been while the Junior kitchen was closed in 2010 and the site was used for music room/meeting room and /community meeting space. The infant and junior school also had their own office's. At one time the Junior room also had a cookery room where year 6 is now located and a T.V. room where the staff room is currently. (Catherine Nicholas, yr 4, 2014)

The Education Reform Act of 1988 established amongst other things, the idea of a National Curriculum for England, Wales and Northern Ireland. It introduced Key stages with corresponding "Attainment Targets" and "Programmes of study". Ten subjects (plus Religious Education) were set out; and the Act made a set of 'core' curriculum subjects (including mathematics and science) and as well as other 'foundation' subjects (including technology, P.E. geography and history.) The Act set out assessment arrangements called SAT's tests in English, Maths and Science for seven and eleven year olds.

In 1995 the infant, junior and primary schools were amalgamated. Today Raglan VC Primary School, under the headship of Jeremy Piper, continues to be a happy, vibrant, community focused school. Outdoor and Adventurous Activities, Music, Sports, Cookery, Arts and Crafts play a large part in the extension of our curriculum, alongside citizenship-based activities such as the Intergenerational-working Projects, the Raglan Healthy Footsteps Walk, and the children's fundraising activities for local and international causes.

Learn more about the Schoolmasters/Headteachers in Raglan Village

Memories of a student:Ernie Morgan

Edward Evans. I attended Raglan School with Miss Jenkins (Infants) and Mr Dally (Juniors) between 1978-1985). I walked from my house to the end of the drive where a bus picked me up at 8:20 a.m. The bus went through the Village of Dingestow and collected children in Tregare area. The Bus would drop us off at school and I would walk up to the play yard until the bell rang at 9:00 am. First we had the register and the assembly. We would sing the Welsh National Anthem. Lessons would be English, maths, P.E. in the hall and on grass in the summer. In the summer we would do country dancing around the may Pole. During play times I would play foot ball, British bull dogs and tag. Lunchtimes in the infant hall we had tinned tomatoes, mashed potato and sausage, roast dinner at Christmas. Semolia and jam, spotted dic. we had milk at break times. The day would finish at 3`;30 pm and I would wait in the hall before walking down to the bus by the teachers. There were no computers and no swimming lessong and no after school clubs. There were reading tests with the headmaster. Each year we did a Christmas play. if it was raining we could watch T.V. (interviewed by Lucy Evans, yr 4. 2014)

Memories of a teacher: - Myra Harper. Myra Harper (Morgan, Thomas) taught at Raglan School for 21 years between 1968 - 1989. She began her teaching career in Tunstall, Stoke on Trent teaching Juniors in 1953. In 1958 she accepted a position as trainer in the Youth Employment Office for six months until she accepted a new teaching position at Blackwood school. Ten years later, In 1968, Myra bought College Cottage on Treworgon Common and took up a position at Raglan School with a reception class - sharing a classroom with Mr Whitney. Mr Eddie Jones was the headteacher at that time. The new Raglan School was opened in 1970 and Myra put in "movement and rhyme'. Later Myra worked under Mr Dally teaching 10-11 year olds in a demountable behind the infant school. She enjoyed working for Mr Dally as he was a musician and wrote plays. Myra taught country dancing and made the boys wear 'dicky bows". She also put on a maypole dance on the green. In addition to her love of dance, she was also responsible for the girls Netball team and the school choir (the pianist was Mrs Mogford). This was very popular with 40-50 children taking choir. A highlight was when the Raglan Choir was selected to sing for Prince Charles at County Hall.

She taught at Raglan School for 21 years until her retirement in 1989. ref: Dr. Andrew Bell was a Scot who entered the Church of England as a deacon in 1784. Three years later he embarked for India where he spent ten years in Madras, securing in the process the chaplaincy to nine regiments of the East India Company. When he returned to England he had amassed a fortune of some £25,000 and a pension of £200. Whilst in India he had also acquired an understanding of what was to become the Madras system of education in which older pupils were used to teach younger ones, the theory being that more would be learned in small groups run by their peers rather than large assemblages under an adult. This monitorial system was promoted by Bell on his return to England where his cause was taken up by Joseph Lancaster who adopted a more extreme version to the alarm of some members of the establishment. ref(http://www.memorials.inportsmouth.co.uk/city-centre/bell-school.htm)

Miss Carrn: (interview by Joshua Morgan, yr 4, 2014). When did you start teaching: I started teaching in Raglan School in 1957. I was 21 years old when I began and I taught there for 31 years. I left in 1989. I loved the school and the countryside around.

Did the children wear a uniform? The children did not wear a uniform in those days. The Juniors began wearing uniforms when the junior school was built.

Did you have a classroom assistant? When I first came to Raglan school I didn't have any classroom assistants. When we moved to the new infants building, (it was about 3 years later) I had 2 assistants but they were not always in the same class. They helped the other class's too.

What age were the children when they started school? The children went to school in the year that they turned five. I taught in a very small room where you had to climb over tables to get to the other side of the room.

How many children did you have in your class? I had 20 children in my class (nb. I had the middle aged and top aged children)

How did your school day plan out? At 9am the bell would be rang. One ring meant stop , the second ring meant line up. The children went into the classroom for lessons. The bell would be rung for playtime (the children had 15 min. play). Then back in the classroom for more work. Dinner was at 12:30 - 1:30 when the children would do more work until 3:30pm.

What kind of discipline did you use? It was very strict in those times. If I had to speak to a child 3 times, they would miss play time and finish their work. I found that this approach worked for me with the children.

What were the school dinners like? Very very good. We had hot healthy meals

What could children eat and drink at break times? Some brought sandwiches. There were very healthy foods in school.

What has changed / who has changed? The headmasters . I can remember Mr Lambert Jones was the headmaster when I started teaching at the school in 1957 His wife taught reception class. I remember a Mr. E.G. Jones in the Old School building. When we moved to the new infants building, we had a headmistress, Judith Jenkins. When the Junior building was built we had a headmaster there called Mr Clark. later on we had a Mr Malcom, followed by Mrs Blakemore.

When I was at the school they came up with a new teaching plan called open plan building, meaning the classrooms were open plan. We also had students come to the school for experience, which went on to become a qualified teacher.

Mrs Gaydon (photo: L114) Mrs Judy Jenkins 1994 - 1995 Mrs. Margaret Evans (Infant School) 1990 - 2007 Mrs Elizabeth (Liz) Blakemore (originally head of Infant School and later head of Both Infant and Primary School.

2008 - 2015 Mr J Piper. Mr Piper was responsible for building a new Raglan School to include both Infants and


From National Archives: RAGLAN SCHOOL: (and Gwehelog and Penyclawd) ED 21/22987 Raglan School (formerly known as National School) Date: 1872 - 1918 Note: Includes Parish File National Archives, original dept: School No. 132

ED 21/46815 Raglan School Date: 1920 - 1924 National Archives, original dept: School No. 132

ED 70/4077 Raglan Council School Date: 1928

BD 50/930 Gwehelog Fawr No 62 Raglan Date: 1934 - 1979

BD 50/929 \ LEA 559/3000 3032 Raglan No 132 Raglan United Date: 1936 - 1970

ED 21/67137 Raglan School Date: 1939 - 1940

ED 216/339 Raglan United Penclawdd C of E school Date: 1948 - 1965 Held by: National Archives, kew, original dept: WP559/3037

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