Occupations

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The occupations that Raglan Residents have engaged in throughout the years are included in this section. We come across strange ones including this poor fellow:

Translator Thomas WILLIAM late of Ragland, occupation Translator - (at least that is what it looks like! In Monmouth County Gaol says my friend Liz in Oz!! l) (London Gazette (London, England), July 17, 1725 - July 20, 1725; Issue

Today Raglan is a commuter village but historically it was dependent on farming for its livelihood. Agriculture has been keen interest for centuries even though the land isn't the most fertile in the country. 6391.

Funeral business In the 1940's Roger Hampshire and Eric Jones had funeral business in Raglan. Tony Jones would make coffins in the building next to 1. Elmtree 1 at Chepstow Rd

Crime and Punishment Constables/Police,

St Cadoc's Church (Vicars), Ebenezer Baptist Chapel Ministers and Schoolmasters and

Raglan Schools (Headmasters / teachers)]]

Raglan Village Occupations, Public Houses

Gentry and Farms

A report on the agriculture of the county of Monmouth completed in 1815 gives a glimpse of Raglan Agriculture nearly 200 years ago.

"Raglan hundred contains 40,000 acres and has soils of various sorts. In the Vale District and for several miles round Ragland, it is a strong clay. Neither ugh hills nor extensive levels are to be found. The substratum consists mostly of rubble and detached stones; except in such parts as beds of clay are found to a great depth. Excepting a few crops of turnips between Chepstow and Tintern Abbey, the soil is kept in a state of poverty, much resembling the old system of tillage; by which large tracts of land were cultivated and exhausted, and then left in a state of sterility for several years, until they became sufficiently recovered for a repetition of the same bad husbandry. The course of crops mostly practised in the hundred of Ragland is, what (after fallow) and manure, turnips, barley, clover. The second year break up for wheat. On clay lands the land is left fallow unless double manure is applied for wheat, barley and clover.

The hundred of Ragland is favourable to the growth of apple trees and produces more cider than the maritime hundreds. Hops also are propagated in a few places but neither fruit nor hops constitute any considerable branches of its agriculture

In the parish of Trelleck, hundred of Ragland, are extensive tracts of waste lands, for the enclosure of which an act was passed in the 1810 session of Parliament. These lands are dry and healthy for the most part, and will give an opportunity for the adoption of a good system of agriculture, should any considerable allotment fall to the share of a landlord, who will establish an intelligent farmer upon it, with suitable buildings and a proper capital.

The breeding branch of farming is less practised about Ragland, than in other parts of the county; at least it is so in the heavy clays, which are very unfavourable for bearing stock in the winter season.

Every farmer keeps cows, more or less, and a considerable quantity of butter and cheese is made, which finds a ready sale at the markets of Abergavenny and Pontypool; the calves that are fed for veal, are dispersed of to the same markets. The women for the most part prefer the Glamorgan cows, as yielding the best profit in the dairy.

Oxen are worked in considerable numbers here, and do the major part of the plough labours of the cultivator. The stocks of cattle in this district are mostly Herefordshire, of which a considerable number are kept for plough labour, the soil requiring strong teams to work it.

The heavy soils require very strong teams, and it is not uncommon to see eight oxen drawing a plough; six however is the number generally used in ploughing the clays, and four on the lighter looms. From half an acre to three roods a day is the quantity of plough labour performed here, varying with the lightness or stiffness of the soil.

The oxen are bought in at three years old, and worked till six or seven by some farmers; others prefer buying int he spring, and after working them during the summer on the farm, sell them off again in the autumn.

There are but few horses reared in Ragland hundred, for the same reasons that check the rearing of horned cattle -- the general wetness of the soil.

source: Hassall, Charles, General view of the agriculture of the county of Monmouth, with observations on the means of its improvement, London, 1815. (google books)

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